5 Best Languages for Web Development

Nowadays every business wants to be an online registrant so that it can reach more and more people online.

That’s why every business needs a website to be visible online, due to which the business of web development is at its peak.

Writing a computer program has become one of the most important skills to learn these days.

With the availability of so many programming languages and frameworks, it becomes important for the user to choose a language that fulfills their desired needs.

It’s important to establish realistic goals in order to choose the most suitable programming language.

Below discussed are the 5 best languages being used by programmers for web development in 2021.

1. Javascript

JavaScript is the most popular language amongst programmers and is also known as the king of web development.

It is a “frontend “programming language and is used to design creative front-end applications. It is the only language that allows the programmers to create web applications front end and backend as well as mobile applications (React Native).

It is currently the most widely used programming language and dominates the web with approximately 95% of websites using JavaScript using it to some degree or the other.

Another great advantage of using JavaScript is that since most browsers have a built-in JavaScript engine which allows them to process client-side scripts much faster than server-side scripts.

With JavaScript, one can use a single programming language for server-side and client-side scripts.

2. Python  

Python has become one of the best languages for creating web apps that are based on Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning.

This language is best to use in scientific domains because it facilitates the collection of empirical data and the integration with relevant databases.

Python has beaten JavaScript lately as a most taught language in institutes. It is an open-source platform and has huge inbuilt libraries.

Python is best known for its flexibility in scaling web-based applications and also its ease of use. Platforms like Spotify and Instagram use the Django framework used in this language.

3. Typescript

Typescript is a modern programming language for web development. It is an open-source language that builds on JavaScript by adding static type definitions to it.

With the help of a Typescript compiler or Babel, the JavaScript code is transformed into JavaScript code. It comes with a lot of inbuilt debugging tools which makes web development easy.

Typescript also helps in the development of object-oriented code easy for JavaScript. Typescript supports all the browsers which support JavaScript and its code is first compiled into JavaScript as Typescript does not run directly on browsers.

It’s a superset of JavaScript and simplifies JavaScript by making it easier to read and debug.

See Also: Php Vs. Node.Js: Which Is Better For Web Development?

4. PHP

PHP, which is a backend programming language, mainly focuses on handling interconnections between servers and data handling.

It’s a stable mature language with a plethora of powerful frameworks to serve as the foundation to drive just about.

It is open-source, highly scalable, and has a huge community of programmer support including tools and automated tools for testing and deployments. It is easily embedded into HTML.

PHP comes with a lot of modules and libraries which insures dynamic software development. Most of the PHP frameworks are free and offer strong security features as well.

5. Ruby

Ruby is similar to PHP and Python and is easy to learn as well. Ruby on Rails framework powers websites like Github, Shopify, Airbnb, Groupon, Goodreads, and Kickstarters.

Ruby is a programming language and Rails is a model-view-controller (MVC) framework that provides default structures for a database, a web service, and web pages.

Ruby-like PHP is considered a backend programming language and has a huge community of supporters. It has enormous libraries and tools for building feature-rich websites, and strong, standards-based adherence.

The only drawback of using Ruby is that it is known for consuming resources excessively which leads to performance issues at times.

Honorable Mention:

Java – Because of the well-maintained libraries and web frameworks, Java is also one of the preferred coding languages with 38% of users globally.

Whether it’s Android mobile apps or enterprise-scale complex web projects, Java can be used effectively for both. One important advantage of using Java is that it has JVM(Java Virtual Machine) which allows it to run on various platforms.

Developing with Java can limit security risks and manage the memory stages automatically. It’s a little complex and not very easy to learn, hence mostly it is used by experienced programmers for the development of large projects.